5 Most Common Contraceptive Pill Side Effects
The oral contraceptive pill, commonly known as a “pill,” is a hormone-based method of preventing pregnancy. It can also help resolve irregular menstrual bleeding, painful or severe periods, endometriosis, acne, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Common side effects of oral contraceptives are:
- spotting between parts
- tenderness in the breasts
- headache and migraine
- gaining weight
- mood changes
- missed periods
- decreased libido
- vaginal discharge
- changes have been made in their views for those who wear contact lenses
We will look at each of these side effects in detail below.
Birth control pills can cause breast enlargement or tenderness. This normally resolves a few weeks after the pill starts. Anyone who finds a lump in the breast or has persistent pain or tenderness or severe chest pain should seek medical attention.
Tips to reduce breast sensitivity include reducing caffeine and salt intake and wearing a supportive bra.
2. Headaches and migraines
Hormones in birth control pills can increase the risk of headaches and migraines.
Pills containing hormones in different types and doses can trigger different symptoms.
Using a low-dose pill can reduce the risk of headaches.
Symptoms normally improve over time, but if severe headaches begin when you start taking pills, you should seek medical attention.
3. Weight gain
Clinical studies have not found a consistent link between the use of birth control pills and weight fluctuations. However, fluid retention may occur, especially around the breasts and buttocks.
According to one review, most studies found an average of 4.4 kilos (2 kilograms) of weight gain in 6 or 12 months with progestin-only birth control. Studies in other birth control methods showed the same gain.
Some types of hormonal contraceptives have been linked to a reduction in lean body mass.
4. Mood changes
Studies suggest that the oral contraceptive affects the mood of the user and may increase the risk of depression or other emotional changes. Anyone with a mood change during pill use should contact their medical supplier.
If it is missed for a while or too light while using the pill, a pregnancy test is recommended before starting the next pack. It is not unusual that a flow is sometimes too light or completely missed. If you are worried, get medical attention.
5. Decreased libido
The hormone or hormones in the birth control pill can affect sex drive or libido in some people. If the decreased libido persists and is bothersome, this needs to be discussed with a medical provider.
In some cases, the contraceptive pill may increase libido, for example, by removing concerns about pregnancy and reducing painful symptoms of menstrual cramps, premenstrual syndrome, endometriosis, and uterine fibroids.